- Is PKU life threatening?
- Does PKU run in families?
- What can you eat on a PKU diet?
- What can a child with PKU eat?
- Is PKU a disability?
- Who is most likely to get PKU?
- What happens if someone with PKU eat protein?
- Why does phenylketonuria cause brain damage?
- What does PKU smell like?
- Can you outgrow PKU?
- Can you die from PKU?
- How is the family of a person with PKU affected?
- How long is the average life span of a person with PKU?
- Can you live with PKU?
- Is PKU more common in males or females?
Is PKU life threatening?
Is PKU a life threatening disease.
PKU is a slowly progressive disease that does not cause acute symptoms.
During the first months of life it is completely asymptomatic and can only be detected by population screening determinations..
Does PKU run in families?
PKU is passed down through families. For a baby to have the disease, he or she must get (inherit) the PKU gene from both parents. The father and mother may not have PKU or even know that PKU runs in their families.
What can you eat on a PKU diet?
PKU DietMeat, eggs, and fish.Bread, noodles, and wheat products.Nuts, peas, and beans (and products made from these foods).Milk and cheese.Chocolate.
What can a child with PKU eat?
A child with PKU should not eat milk, fish, cheese, nuts, beans, or meat. A child with PKU can eat many foods low in protein, such as vegetables, fruits, and some cereals. Your child may also need to take mineral and vitamin supplements to make up for nutrients missing from the diet.
Is PKU a disability?
In order to qualify for Social Security Disability benefits due to a diagnosis of phenylketonuria, you must be able to prove that your condition prevents you from performing any type of substantial gainful work activity.
Who is most likely to get PKU?
In the United States, PKU is most common in people of European or Native American ancestry. It is much less common among people of African, Hispanic, or Asian ancestry.
What happens if someone with PKU eat protein?
A dangerous buildup of phenylalanine can develop when a person with PKU eats protein-rich foods, such as milk, cheese, nuts or meat, and even grains such as bread and pasta, or eats aspartame, an artificial sweetener. This buildup of phenylalanine results in damage to nerve cells in the brain.
Why does phenylketonuria cause brain damage?
Any amino acids that are not needed are broken down further and removed from the body. People with PKU cannot break down the amino acid phenylalanine, which then builds up in their blood and brain. This can lead to brain damage.
What does PKU smell like?
If PKU is untreated, or if foods containing phenylalanine are eaten, the breath, skin, ear wax, and urine may have a “mousy” or “musty” odor. This odor is due to a buildup of phenylalanine substances in the body.
Can you outgrow PKU?
A person with PKU does not outgrow it and must stay on the diet for life.
Can you die from PKU?
PKU is considered an amino acid condition because people with PKU cannot break down the amino acid called phenylalanine. If left untreated, PKU can cause brain damage or even death. However, if the condition is detected early and treatment is begun, individuals with PKU can lead healthy lives.
How is the family of a person with PKU affected?
As PKU is inherited in an autosomal recessive fashion, all children of a mother with PKU will inherit 1 affected gene.
How long is the average life span of a person with PKU?
The average age at death was 55.8 years. Eleven subjects were still alive (seven females and four males). The oldest living male was 79 years of age. The average age of the survivors was 55.7 years.
Can you live with PKU?
PKU leads to a build-up of the amino acid phenylalanine, which is toxic to the nervous system. Without treatment, PKU can cause intellectual disabilities. PKU does not shorten life expectancy, with or without treatment.
Is PKU more common in males or females?
Each year 10,000 to 15,000 babies are born with the disease in the United States and Phenylketonuria occurs in both males and females of all ethnic backgrounds (although it is more common in individuals of Northern European and Native American heritage.)