What Is The Effect Of Communicable Diseases?

What are the lifestyle diseases?

Four Major Lifestyle DiseasesIschaemic heart disease.Stroke.Peripheral arterial disease.Congenital heart disease..

Why is it important to report communicable diseases?

Reporting of cases of communicable disease is important in the planning and evaluation of disease prevention and control programs, in the assurance of appropriate medical therapy, and in the detection of common-source outbreaks.

What are the 4 non communicable diseases?

The main types of NCDs are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancers, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.

What are the symptoms of communicable diseases?

General signs and symptoms common to a number of infectious diseases include:Fever.Diarrhea.Fatigue.Muscle aches.Coughing.

Which disease is a communicable disease?

Some examples of the reportable communicable diseases include Hepatitis A, B & C, influenza, measles, and salmonella and other food borne illnesses.

What are examples of non communicable diseases?

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), including heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes and chronic lung disease, are collectively responsible for almost 70% of all deaths worldwide.

What are the effects of non communicable diseases?

Noncommunicable diseases have potentially serious socioeconomic consequences, through increasing individual and household impoverishment and hindering social and economic development.

What are the 5 non communicable diseases?

Examples of NCDs include:Alzheimer’s.Asthma.Cataracts.Chronic Kidney Disease.Chronic Lung Disease.Diabetes.Fibromyalgia.Heart Disease.More items…•

What are the 10 non communicable diseases?

Alzheimer’s Disease.Cancer.Epilepsy.Osteoarthritis.Osteoporosis.Cerebrovascular Disease (Stroke)Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)Coronary Artery Disease.More items…

What are the main causes of non communicable diseases?

Referred to as a “lifestyle” disease, because the majority of these diseases are preventable illnesses, the most common causes for non-communicable diseases (NCD) include tobacco use (smoking), alcohol abuse, poor diets (high consumption of sugar, salt, saturated fats, and trans fatty acids) and physical inactivity.

How do we prevent communicable diseases?

Learn, practice, and teach healthy habits.#1 Handle & Prepare Food Safely. Food can carry germs. … #2 Wash Hands Often. … #3 Clean & Disinfect Commonly Used Surfaces. … #4 Cough and Sneeze into a Tissue or Your Sleeve. … #5 Don’t Share Personal Items. … #6 Get Vaccinated. … #7 Avoid Touching Wild Animals. … #8 Stay Home When Sick.

What are the 4 types of communicable diseases?

Communicable diseasesInfluenza. Norovirus. Mumps. Tuberculosis.Pertussis. Zika virus. West Nile virus.Ebola. Chikungunya virus. Coronavirus (COVID-19)

What is the most common communicable disease?

The 5 Most Common Infectious DiseasesHepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.

What are the 4 stages of communicable illness?

The natural history of an untreated communicable disease has four stages: stage of exposure, stage of infection, stage of infectious disease, and stage of outcome.

What are the top 3 communicable diseases?

List of Communicable DiseasesMRSA.Pertussis.Rabies.Sexually Transmitted Disease.Shigellosis.Tuberculosis.West Nile Virus.Zika.More items…

What are 3 causes of non communicable diseases?

Four main NCDs and their common risk factors. The four leading NCDs (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, respiratory diseases, and diabetes) share four risk factors: tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity.

Who is responsible for reporting communicable diseases?

Reports should be made to the local health department in the county in which the patient resides and need to be submitted within 24 hours of diagnosis. However, some diseases warrant prompt action and should be reported immediately to local health departments by phone.

Who is required to report communicable diseases?

Medical doctors, osteopaths, veterinarians, podiatrists, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, nurses, nurse midwives, infection control practitioners, medical examiners, coroners, dentists, and administrators of health facilities and clinics knowing of a case or suspected case of a communicable disease are …

What are 3 communicable diseases?

Some examples of reportable communicable disease include HIV, hepatitis A, B and C, measles, salmonella, measles, and blood-borne illnesses. Most common forms of spread include fecal-oral, food, sexual intercourse, insect bites, contact with contaminated fomites, droplets, or skin contact.

What is the cause of a communicable disease?

Communicable, or infectious diseases, are caused by microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi that can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another. Some are transmitted through bites from insects while others are caused by ingesting contaminated food or water.

What percentage of diseases are lifestyle related?

Among U.S. adults, more than 90 percent of type 2 diabetes, 80 percent of CAD, 70 percent of stroke, and 70 percent of colon cancer are potentially preventable by a combination of nonsmoking, avoidance of overweight, moderate physical activity, healthy diet, and moderate alcohol consumption (Willett 2002).